April 28th and May 5th
Sessions Thirteen and Fourteen: Student Presentations DIY PROJECTS
April 28th and May 5th
Sessions Thirteen and Fourteen: Student Presentations DIY PROJECTS
By Heather Samuels with Raquel Pinderhughes
Table of Contents
Citrus All Purpose Cleanser
All Purpose Cleaner Video
New Sew Un-Paper Towel Video
Tips for Buying in Bulk
Where to Buy in Bulk in California
– basic vegetarian or non-vegetarian soup with fresh herbs
-fire ciders, elderberry syrups, and echinacea tinctures
Add Raquel’s Elderberry Syrup Video
UC Master Gardener Youtube Channel:
Videos with Various Makeup Products
This video contains recipes for: lip scrub, toothpaste, dry shampoo, face toner, and makeup remover
For Black or textured hair:
General hair DIYs
Plarn is Yarn made from upcycling plastic bags.
Pro-Tip! Plarn can be used for more than just weaving or crochet! Use it for packing material, insulation material, crafting material, and much more!
Plarn Bags (If you don’t know how to crochet, go to Crafts section)
Video Playlist of Plarn Projects:
What You’ll Need
LAB TIP: Some tutorials call for jojoba oil or powdered pine resin, but we found that these more expensive ingredients didn’t add any major benefits in our tests.
Preheat the oven to 200°F or the lowest setting. Cut the fabric into sizes that will fit on your baking sheet. For a snack bag, use a 7″ by 14″ piece of fabric. A 14″ by 14″ square will cover most sandwiches. Pinking shears will help prevent your swatches from fraying, but scissors will also get the job done.
Line a baking sheet with parchment paper and place the fabric on top. If your fabric is one-sided, place the patterned side facedown. Use a fresh piece of parchment paper each time you make another wrap.
Evenly distribute a liberal amount of beeswax pellets all over the fabric. Make sure you get pellets near the edges too.
Place the sheet in the oven for about 4-8 minutes. When the pellets melt completely, take the tray out and use a paintbrush to spread the wax evenly over the entire fabric.
NOTE: The beeswax will stick to the brush, so use one you’re okay discarding or saving to make future beeswax wraps.
Using tongs, remove the fabric from the baking sheet. It should feel cool to the touch after waving it for a few seconds in the air. Hang the fabric up to dry or set it on the back of a chair with the beeswax side facing up.
Once the beeswax has set and is not very tacky, you can add buttons or hand-sew them into small pouches.
Snack Bags: Use a 7″ x 14″ piece of fabric. Once dry, fold the fabric in half with the non-treated sides facing inward. Hand sew the two sides together, leaving the top open. Turn the bag inside out, and add a button as a closure or stitch Velcro to both sides.
Sandwich Wraps: Use a 14″ x 14″ piece of fabric. On the patterned side, sew a button in two adjacent corners. To close, put the side with the buttons face down. Fold the fabric into thirds around the sandwich. Flip and fold the ends of the fabric up so the buttons are on top. Wrap twine around them in a figure-eight pattern for a secure closure.
How to Care for Your Beeswax Wraps
Wash your wraps by hand in cool water with a mild dish soap. Place them on a drying rack or clothesline to dry. Avoid any heat such as hot water, microwaves, or ovens that will cause the beeswax can melt, ruining your wraps.
Use fabric scraps from old clothes you’d like to repurpose!
This can be hand sewn, does not necessarily have to be machine sewn.
Upcycled Sewing and Weaving Projects
Hand Sewing Video:
Machine Sewing Video:
Basic Crochet: (This is great for plarn projects!)
DIY Fabric Reusable Menstrual Pad
To assemble your kit store items in airtight plastic bags and put your entire disaster supplies kit in one or two easy-to-carry containers such as plastic bins or a duffel bag.
A basic emergency supply kit could include the following recommended items:
Maintaining Your Kit
After assembling your kit remember to maintain it so it’s ready when needed:
Kit Storage Locations
Since you do not know where you will be when an emergency occurs, prepare supplies for home, work and cars.
Car Kit Video
Preparing Your Home Video
DIY Fire Starter
DIY Rocket Stoves
13 Ways to Start a Fire
DIY Water Filter
Filtering water does not purify it. You must boil water after the filtration process in order to kill any pathogens, bacteria, or other microorganisms. Do not boil water in order to remove nitrate, lead or some other substances. Boiling water will actually increase the concentrations of these substances, not remove them.
What are pathogens and which pathogens should we be concerned about in our water? Pathogens are disease-causing organisms which may include types of bacteria, viruses, protozoan parasites, and other organisms. United State Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) regulates the following pathogens in drinking water:
How to Build a Phone Tree
A phone tree is a prearranged, pyramid-shaped system for activating a group of people by telephone. Using the phone tree system can spread a brief message quickly and efficiently to a large number of people.
Quickly notify members and/or supporters about fruit deliveries. Spreads the work load out between members. Save printing and postage costs involved with communicating brief notices by mail.
People- A coordinator and a network of reliable people form the skeleton of the phone tree. See enclosure titled, “Example Phone Tree Layout”
Time- The coordinator will spend time organizing the tree. (This process should be done prior to serious activation of the tree.) Once it’s set up, the tree can do dozens or even hundreds of hours of work with only five to 50 minutes of involvement by each member, depending on the frequency and number of calls each member is assigned.
Money- No money is needed aside from long-distance charges, where applicable. Use home telephones and cell phones at no additional cost.
1) Make a list with current phone numbers of all the persons you want the tree to reach.
2) From that list, recruit a smaller group of people who will be responsible for calling and activating other members. This small group is referred to as the Key Group .
3) Divide the people on your list among the members of the Key Group.
4) Make a chart of Key Group members and their assignments and distribute it to the Key Group. Be sure to include work, cell, office, and other numbers to locate members.
5) Ask key people to notify you when they are going out of town or will otherwise be unavailable. Have alternate Key Group folks that can fill in if someone is unavailable.
6) Hold message drills occasionally to test your phone tree for effectiveness and identify areas for improvement.
OPERATING THE TREE
1) As coordinator, you will start the tree. Write out a brief script complete with the specific details of fruit and delivery.
2) Call the members of the Key Group using the script. Make sure that Key Group members understand what they need to do and the time frame in which they should do it.
3) Spot-check the tree’s effectiveness by calling a few people down on the list to be sure they have received an accurate and complete message. Also, you can prearrange with folks down the list to contact you once they have received the message.
4) Train the folks in your phone tree to keep trying each person on their list until they make contact. If a member of the phone tree cannot be reached, have the caller notify you as the coordinator so you can fill in or delegate the responsibility to another member.
KEY POINTS Have an organization chart for your phone tree. Be sure that your Key Group members are reliable. Have multiple ways of reaching members (home, work, and cell numbers are key).
Basic First Aid
First aid kits come in many shapes and sizes. Your local drug store may sell them. You can also make your own. Some kits are designed for specific activities, such as hiking, camping or boating.
Basic First Aid Video
Session Ten: Infrastructure: Water, Waste, Energy, Transportation, Building, Food
This session will focus on how changes in urban infrastructure can help cities become more inclusive, resilient, productive, livable, and sustainable. We will be guided by the following questions:
Importance of infrastructure in cities – pull from Raquel’s book
Case Studies of Ecologically Responsible Infrastructures
Session Eight: Disaster Preparation and Resilience in Cities
In this session we will focus on disaster preparation and resilience in cities. We will focus on the root causes of disasters, profiteering from disasters, the differential impact of disasters on different populations, and disaster preparation and resilience. We will be guided by the following questions:
HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT DUE March 31st
This assignment has two parts, make sure you answer both parts in writing.
FIRST: Write down all of the ways in which you understand how global warming and climate change are impacting cities and urban residents. Be as comprehensive and multidimensional as possible.
SECOND: Write down all of the solutions to reduce global warming that you are aware of. Be as comprehensive and multidimensional as possible.
Session Seven: Alternatives to Policing and Incarceration
This session will focus on alternatives to policing and incarceration. Over the last six decades, the movement to reduce policing and mass incarceration has been growing in the United States. In this session we will be guided by the following questions:
Required Reading for Alternatives to Policing
Video on Alternatives to Policing (find)
HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT: Required Reading for Alternatives to Incarceration
Students will choose 1 reading and summarize it for the class. Go to the pdfs (in the session sections to the side) to find links to these articles/reports:
Videos on Alternatives to Incarceration
HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT DUE March 17th
First. Make a list of all of the disasters affecting cities, and their root causes
Session Six: Surveillance in Cities – Assignment #1 DUE TODAY
This session will focus on the impact of increased surveillance in cities. For every 1,000 people in SF, there are over 3 cameras and the District Attorney’s office has access to almost ⅔ or their data (ABC7 News). Cameras are disproportionately in Tenderloin, Chinatown, DogPatch, Mission, Union Square. San Francisco ranks fourth in the United States in a study on public surveillance cameras. We will be guided by the following questions:
Virtual protection video – heather find this video
We talked about the challenges of urban planning when you’re ordering communities subvert your plans and specifically the example of Berkeley and Emeryville
This was connected to the implications of trying to do planning around banning cars and gas stations and car lots because they’ll just go outside your jurisdiction
We talked about IOT and the fact that it doesn’t necessarily give people more power but instead it gives corporations more power
She said we need to think about;
These three lenses are the lenses through each of you IOT related issues
We talked about the problem of tracking online and the fact that even with all of these pseudo options like disabling location sharing and disabling cookies it actually makes no difference whatsoever as to whether these companies can track you and sell information about you
Choose a social problem that will impact cities in the future and use the healthy cities wheel framework to identify how urban authorities should address this problem – fill out every section of the wheel.
Assemble a diverse and inclusive group
There are many different kinds of stakeholders when it comes to the issue of black water remediation. Let’s take a triple-bottom-line perspective on classifying the stakeholders who want to onboard to the cause. On the one hand, there are the people who live in communities affected by existing remediation techniques, disproportionately BIPOC and people in other marginalized communities. On the other hand, there are those who have limited access to fresh water such as the unhoused. Last there are business interests who stand to profit from the change to reclaiming rather than merely remediating black water. Reclaiming black water means converting yesterday’s waste outputs into tomorrow’s resource inputs.
Generate a vision
The vision will depend on the perspectives expressed by the stakeholders. It will likely include leveraging the change from remediation to reclamation in order to ameliorate the impacts of existing waste management techniques on people in marginalized communities. It will also include addressing water scarcity and the lack of access to water resources in the community. Third it will include finding buyers and building a supply chain to handle the new resources being created in the form of fresh water and compostables as a result of implementing the new process.
Assess assets, resources, and barriers
The current techniques for remediation essentially just dilute black water with up to thirty times as much fresh water, then passing it through aerobic and anaerobic processes to sterilize it before dumping it into the oceans and rivers. One of the biggest challenges will be funding construction of new systems to separate liquids and solids before purifying each through bioreaction and composting respectively. This means not just these two outputs become resources, but also that enormous amount of water which is no longer being wasted diluting black water before dumping it during as a part of the current system.
The triple bottom line has to drive discussions about priorities. We must be certain to address all three perspectives without missing any. It’s not just about implementation cost-savings, increasing protection from harm in marginalized communities, or saving the environment; rather it must be all three.
Develop a community-wide strategy
Every person in the community produces black water every day. This means everyone is involved in both the problem and the solution. Everyone stands to benefit from the improved environmental impact, the implementation cost-savings, whether or not they are in marginalized communities who will see additional benefits. The fact that everyone in the community will be positively affected means everyone can be brought on board with the plan and play a role in pushing the necessary policy changes forward.
It also means the plan will need to be implemented in every current black water facility around the city and eventually the broader region.
Implement the plan
The biggest part of implementing the plan will be retrofitting or replacing existing facilities. Rather than diluting blackwater with enormous amounts of fresh water, we will be separating it, cleaning it, and then exporting each component as a valuable resource. This means in place of several large tanks, we will need special filtration systems to separate the liquids and solids, then holding tanks and an infrastructure for exporting the solid resources.
There are a lot of ways we could go with exporting the fresh water we create. Because many may be uncomfortable directly drinking the reclaimed fresh water despite its purity, it may make more sense to pipe it up to the headwaters of the same watersheds we originally took the water from. In the example of San Francisco, there are already pipelines bringing water down from Hetch Hetchy. Additional pipelines could take the purified water reclaimed from black water and pump it back up to the headwaters. This essentially mimics the natural process of evaporation and precipitation which we are already relying on. We are just skipping the step of dumping the water in the ocean and waiting for some small amount to evaporate and then later precipitate into the Hetch Hetchy system. We can skip this middle-man of mother nature and simply put the water back where we took it from.
There is also the potential to sell the purified fresh water to bottled water companies like Nestle instead of allowing them to drain and destroy the aquifers in order to make bottled water. The purity of reclaimed black water would likely improve the quality of the now totally unregulated contents of bottled water.
Monitor and adjust your effort
We will need to carefully observe the process of leveraging the outputs to make sure they are being used appropriately. Once we see adoption taking off, it may be time to take the fight to a broader geographic area and expand this vital technology into other nearby regions.
Establish new systems to maintain/build on your gains
We should be very vocal about the benefits we see from no longer wasting incredible amounts of water the way we are now. In addition, we should work to emphasize the triple-bottom-line benefits of turning waste outputs into valuable products. This will help accelerate adoption of this new system by other cities.
Celebrate benchmarks and successes
Once the system is up and running, the number of bad-pun-fueled galas and public relations events are endless. Imagine the look on a visiting dignitary’s face when they are offered a pu pu platter at the black water gala. Or when it is revealed that their $25 bottle of Voss water was actually repackaged human excrement. The potential for practical jokes celebrating the success of the system would be endless. We might even reach a point where San Francisco can name its sewer system not after people it doesn’t like (George W Bush), but in honor of people it does like.
Tackle the next issue(s)
The next issue is obvious; it’s the same issue but on a bigger scale! Now that San Francisco has adopted black water reclamation, we need to get Oakland and San Jose and Berkeley and all the other cities in the bay area to do the same. Then the rest of California and then the world!
This session was canceled
Session Five: Alternative Business, Housing, and Food Ownership Models and Structures
I Alternative Business Ownership Structures: Worker Owned Cooperative Businesses
Worker-owned cooperatives are businesses that are owned and managed by their workers. Although there are variations, typically, each worker owns a share and all shares are owned by the workers. The infrastructure of worker-owned cooperatives differs, as control by worker-owners can be performed through individual, collective, or majority ownership. Research on worker-owned cooperatives shows that they are often more efficient and productive, and that workers have much higher levels of satisfaction and pride in their company and work.
II Cooperatively Owned Housing and Food: Coop Housing
III Food Cooperatives
IV Digital Platform Cooperatives
Session Four: Reducing Social and Racial Inequality: Basic Income, Universal Health Care, New Deal Type Stimulus Package for Job Creation, Affordable Housing, Eliminating Student Debt, Reparations, The People’s Budget
This session will focus on the increasing social inequality in the United States and its consequences. We will be guided by the following questions:
KPFA Upfront January 25, 2021 Oakland’s Proposed “Peoples Budget”
Required Reading – For this session, students will take one reading and present it to the class
KPFA Program January 2, 20 Radio Ecoshock, Nature and Energy, Yale University study https://www.ecoshock.org/2020/01/climate-good-news-and-bad.html start at 2:13 minutes
HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT: DUE February 24th FOR SESSION FIVE
1) Go to: https://www.footprintcalculator.org/ and calculate your ecological footprint. Be prepared to discuss what you learned about your ecological footprint in class.
Psychology can not be a “real science” until it acknowledges the simple truth that it is not making objective, deductive claims. In reality it is making inductive claims based on limited data. This distinction is vital. Throughout history psychologists have reached countless absurd conclusions which have done enormous damage precisely because they failed to adequately qualify the inductive claims they were making, misrepresenting them instead as deductive claims. Freud only studied insane people who lived in the extremely patriarchal authoritarian society of Vienna. The idea that any inferences made on that population could necessarily translate to universal deductions is just absurd.
This problem still happens today. We see countless examples every day where a study was done on affluent white males who were students at a particular research university, and then that extremely limited dataset is used to extrapolate universal conclusions about all of humanity.
Whatever route psychology takes, if it is to be a real science then it must acknowledge that it is a soft science (an inductive science) and not a hard science (a deductive science).
This is the fundamental problem with all the disciplines we’ve discussed so far. They have all assumed that whatever they think based on their limited perspectives and limited data must somehow necessarily be an absolute fact about all people. Most of the disciplines we’ve studied so far have actually made some interesting observations which — if they were properly qualified as inductive claims based on limited data — would actually yield some interesting results. This would be particularly true if those researchers actually tried to falsify their data by comparing very different kinds of people and other animals.
For example, what does an IQ test tell us about the intelligence of an octopus? Absolutely nothing.
What do Hirschfeld’s ideas about sexual orientation being real tell us about indigenous cultures with a dozen or more genders and sexualities? Absolutely nothing.
But either of these examples would be valuable if they had properly qualified their results as limited and inductive (soft) rather than universal and deductive (hard).