After many years of camping trips, I decided to build a custom travel trailer!
It has to be pitch black inside and very comfortable. I need my sleep and I like to stay up late. I really don’t want any windows at all. I always cover my bedroom windows with blackout fabric and sleep until noon.
It was also very important to me that it be fully off-grid. That means enough solar and batteries to heat or cool the space, cook food, and to make my own water.
I went for a simple rectangular shape using this 5×8 steel trailer as a foundation. There are 4×8 trailers which are a bit cheaper, but having an extra foot of width still leaves in narrower than my car while making a lot more space inside for activities.
I decided to use exterior sheathing plywood for the base and walls, with ground contact 2x6s for the framing. This makes the structure extremely strong and resilient. Finally I covered everything in white flex-seal which is basically a bed liner to prevent any leakage or gaps.
The rear wall of the trailer opens completely. It hinges up and onto a pair of gas pistons. This is great because it also acts as a canopy to shade the entrance, while allowing a great view of the outside world.
I purchased two folding memory foam pads which convert to either a bed or a couch. These rest on an elevated bed with about a foot of storage underneath and about two feet of floor between the bed and the door.
Above the head of the bed there is a 5,000 btu air conditioner and also a small electric heater.
I am including a microwave and coffee maker. These run easily off the lithium bank and allow hot food to be quickly prepared even in the most remote locations.
In the trunk of the car, there is a pop-up tent and a portable toilet. This comes in handy when you’re a long way from restrooms and don’t feel like digging a hole. Storing it in the trunk means there is no smell in the sleeping space.
I had planned out a complex system for filtering water and then using propane to have hot showers outside the trailer. I decided not to do this for several reasons. First, after a recent summer camping trip of several weeks in Tahoe, I learned that it’s easy to find a place to take a shower. Second, I can easily use a cheap pump sprayer to take showers just like we do at Burning Man. Third, I really don’t want to have any propane at all in the design.
It was very important to me to keep everything electric so that it is completely sustainable and can run indefinitely off of the solar panels. I really don’t want to rely on propane, partly because it’s a fossil fuel and partly because it is inherently limited and means I will need to keep refilling it.
My main source of power is the solar array. As a backup and depending on the weather wherever I happen to be, there is also a 2kw generator on the tongue of the trailer. Hopefully I will not need to use this
I think this will be plenty of power, but I am considering adding a second solar array to the passenger side of the trailer which can also lift automatically into position. This would double my available power for just a few hundred dollars.
Step 1: Assemble The Trailer
So first let me say I am glad I bought this trailer and I would buy it again. The price is great and the 5×8 profile is great. But assembling it was a nightmare. The directions that come with it are completely wrong (apparently they are for some previous version of the trailer). It’s not too hard to figure it out though. It took me about four hours working alone to get get it completely assembled with the extras I added.
I definitely recommend running a separate ground line to all the lights instead of trying to use a painted frame alone to carry the ground. Also the market lights come with these stupid vampire taps. Just splice the wires properly.
I added several things to the trailer. First this wheel jack on the tongue.
Next, this security kit. It comes with a ball lock, a trigger lock, and a receiver lock for under thirty bucks. Great value.
This trailer has a 17″ hitch height (from the ground). My car is a 2013 Honda Civic LX which has a 12 inch hitch height, so I got a 5 inch hitch lift which is sized correctly for my U-Haul receiver (1.25″), and also the appropriate ball to connect the hitch lift to the trailer.
U-Haul charged about $300 for parts, labor, and wiring to install the receiver.
All of this is rated much higher than what I need for this project. You could probably cut some corners but I like to be sure that nothing will go wrong.
The first step in constructing the bed was to pick up four sheets of pressure treated 3/4″ 4’x8′ plywood. These were very expensive and probably a lot more than is really needed but again I want to make sure this thing lasts forever.
In this photo, you can see two layers of plywood stacked on top of each other…
Since the trailer is 5×8 but wood only comes in 4×8, it takes four pieces. The bottom layer is two pieces of 4×5 which covers the entire trailer but leaves a seam in the middle. So I decided to do a second layer which you can see above. This moves the seams away from the middle, eliminating any leakage or openings in the floor.
Here you can see the top layer is removed, showing the first layer only. Because the bolts that hold the frame together stick out above the frame, I decided to use a hole saw to cut holes in the bottom layer to allow it to sit flush on the frame. You can also see the big seam in the middle which would potentially let air and creatures in.
Here you can see a close-up of the 1″ holes which fit the bolts perfectly. You can also see a closeup of the seam which needs covering up.
In between the two layers, I put an entire bottle of Gorilla Glue, making sure to completely surround all the holes and the seam, so that once the wood is glued together, no moisture can get in between the layers.
Again this is overkill because pressure treated plywood is already waterproof but just to be safe I decided to go for the gold here.
Next I put the top layer back on, gluing it in place. You may notice I made sure to put the nice finished side down and leave the ugly side up. This was not on purpose. 😀
Next I put dozens of screws in to hold the boards together and let the glue set very tightly. I made sure to surround every seam and hole with several screws just to be sure it will be a good tight fit and last forever.
Last, I piled everything heavy I could find on top to compress the boards for the next 24 hours until the glue has set.
I had been debating whether or not to add jacks to the trailer, and as I walked around on it installing the bed, I noticed a line which I could not cross without it tipping over backwards. So I decided to add jacks.
The electric jacks I found need a two inch hole which seems fine going through a 2×6 but I decided to stack two 2x6s just to be safe. Since the trailer is five feet wide, I cut the 2x6s to six feet, meaning there will be a 6″x6″ square sticking out each side.
I mounted them to the cross-member behind the tires which should be perfect for making sure it won’t shift around or tip over once it’s set up.
Step 2: Structure
I decided to go with a simple geometric rectangle. I used exterior pine sheathing for the bed, walls, and roof with 2×6 deck boards for framing. Then I covered everything in flex seal which is basically bed liner. This is definitely overkill but I want to be sure I don’t have anything to worry about.
The rear wall swings up to serve as the door, and is supported by a pair of gas pistons. I used Autocad to figure out where to mount them based on the open and closed lengths to get the angle I wanted when the door is open.
Step 3: Power Systems
The biggest thing to do here is just cut the hole for the shore power and then assemble all the pieces. There is a 12 volt system and a 120 volt system. Let’s start with the 12 volt system. This system runs the jacks, actuators, and lighting.
I am using this 12 volt distribution panel powered off a simple cigarette lighter cord which I split in two with the distro in between. This cord plugs into the battery bank, while one of the other ports on the distribution panel goes to the other end of the original cigarette lighter cord. Other wires run from the distro panel to things like the linear actuators, jacks, ventilation, and eventually the future water pump.
The 120 volt power system is a little different.
The generator plugs in through a shore socket on the outside of the trailer. This means it can stay hooked up when not in use. If shore power is available, then we simply unplug the generator and plug the shore power in.
From the shore socket, power runs to a power strip which serves as a shore bus. From here, the lithium bank can be charged from either shore power or the generator. (I will add a link to the lithium bank when it becomes available for sale. I bought it on an Indiegogo and they are not currently for sale. In the mean time, something like a Bluetti 2400 would be equivalent though this doesn’t charge as fast so I would wait for the new one to come out or else buy two of them.
An automatic transfer switch defaults to shore power if available, or runs off the lithium bank. This switch powers the chassis bus which is a special kill-a-watt plugin strip allowing things like HVAC or lighting to automatically run from the most appropriate power source. Also in between the transfer switch and the chassis bus is a UPS to smooth out the transfer and prevent power loss or surges from reaching sensitive equipment.
Main power is produced by a solar array. This array contains four 100 watt panels mounted to a tilting frame on the roof. The entire trailer is leveled by using electric ground jacks. Then, a pair of linear actuators lifts the solar panels to the correct angle for the latitude.